The 3 Keys of Jiu-Jitsu...

Below are definitions you will find when searching Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu on Google... Please read them before you continue reading the rest of my article...:0) From Wikipedia: Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ; Portuguese: jiu-jitsu brasileiro) is a martial art, combat sport system that focuses on grappling and especially ground fighting. Brazilian jiu-jitsu was formed from Kodokan judo ground fighting (newaza) fundamentals that were taught by a number of individuals including Takeo Yano, Mitsuyo Maeda and Soshihiro Satake. Brazilian jiu-jitsu eventually came to be its own art through the experiments, practices, and adaptation of judo through Carlos and Helio Gracie (who passed their knowledge on to their extended family) as well as other instructors who were students of Maeda, such as Luiz Franca. BJJ promotes the concept that a smaller, weaker person can successfully defend against a bigger, stronger, heavier assailant by using proper technique, leverage, and most notably, taking the fight to the ground, and then applying joint-locks and chokeholds to defeat the opponent. BJJ training can be used for sport grappling tournaments and in self-defense situations. Sparring (commonly referred to as rolling) and live drilling play a major role in training, and a premium is placed on performance, especially in competition, in relation to progress and ascension through its ranking system. BJJ is most strongly differentiated from other martial arts by its greater emphasis on ground fighting. Commonly, striking-based styles spend almost no time on groundwork. From Black Belt Magazine: Brazilian jiu-jitsu is a martial art and combat sport that teaches a smaller person how to defend himself against a larger adversary by using leverage and proper technique. The Gracie family, the founders of BJJ, modified judo and traditional Japanese jujutsu to create the art. It contains stand-up maneuvers, but it is most famous for its devastating ground-fighting techniques. Gaining superior positioning—so one can apply the style’s numerous chokes, holds, locks and joint manipulations on an opponent—is the key in BJJ. After I read these articles and a few others, I clicked on videos and there were 4,380,000 results. I decided to look up the phrase "Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Guard" and there were 2,560 video results. I then searched for "Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu passing guard" and I got video 123,000 results. And if you keep looking, you will find numerous variations and implementations of Jiu-Jitsu submissions, entries, techniques and the list goes on and on. There is an inherent problem here... With all of this information, students become overwhelmed. According to the; We retain approximately 10 percent of what we see; 30 to 40 percent of what we see and hear; and 90 percent of what we see, hear, and do. But ask yourself, can anyone take on all of the information that is out there and retain any of it to the level that can be useful to them? I have seen jiu-jitsu curriculum that include up to 100 techniques per belt. By the time the student reaches black belt, they would be required to master close to 500 moves (positions, submissions, etc.). Yet, in those curriculum, I did not see foundation emphasized? I didn't see technique as it relates to foundation? If we were to compare these 500 techniques to bricks, we would have built a house without any structure? I recall asking a jiu-jitsu practitioner from another school, how is full mount similar to open or closed guard? and he looked at me with a blank stare... Before I go further into my article, I would like to point out that "foundation" is key to any martial art or to anything in general. If there is not a strong foundation you are building on a faulty structure. One of the most important keys of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is grips. Without proper grips or "having a grip game" you do not have foundation. The second key is your hip movement. I'm not talking about just hip escapes or every other drill out there that increases your hip movement; I'm talking about hip movement as it relates to positions and hip placement as it refers to lockdown/submissions. There is a third key to foundation which I won't even mention here, because if you are a white belt, you don't need to know it now and if you are a blue belt and up but don't know it then good luck with your jiu-jitsu when your strength and athletic ability runs out. I'm surprised how many instructors out there teach a position or submission but they do not explain why it is done a certain way and how your grips (framing), hips are an important part of that position and submission. Pretty much, the student is on their own to figure it out. What I found though is that many instructors just don't know how to explain how these keys relate to the very positions and submissions they are teaching. They can show moves from their curriculum and land them on an opponent that is not defending or fighting back. However, they cannot explain the foundation important to every move they teach. We have become so inundated with positions and submissions that they miss the most important aspect of what they are teaching - "FOUNDATION". My students have nightmares from the buzzwords I use to remind them of their basics... the very foundation that makes every position and submission strong. I can teach you 500 positions and submissions ("moves") and you will master 1 or 2 in action while rolling. Many of those you won't even remember because your body type, frame, size, length, weight, height etc, just doesn't work with some of those moves; so you don't use them. Every move you learn will not teach you foundation. You need to learn what creates a good strong structure for your jiu-jitsu. And those specific keys that build that strong foundation should be taught in every class with every move all of the time. Sometimes strength and agility are mistaken for having a strong foundation. However, your foundation or structure will fail you when you have injuries, are old or the opponent is much stronger and faster than you. We can't only teach athletes. The real test is teaching that non-athletic weak person to be just as good as any athlete. The important aspect of teaching any position and submission is emphasizing the three keys to foundation. To me they are what builds a strong structure so that your positions and submissions are technically strong. Oss...

#brazilianjiujitsu #bjj #mma #martialarts #mixedmartialarts #fighting #selfdefense #jiujitsu #jujutsu #japanese

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